All posts by Rory O'Brien

January 1-4 1863

Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 1st -4th 1863
Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 1st -4th 1863

1st Jan. 1863 – Happy new year to all
– warm pleasant weather
President Proclamation freedoms
of rebels. Read letter from B.R.S.

2nd warm + pleasant
Took a walk around the camp of
1st Div. + find our houses as good
as any + better than most

Sent #21st  Mary – also letter to S.S.
After sending mine need one from
Mary written 28th

3rd Jan. Opp. Fredericksburg
Warm + pleasant during day-
pretty heavy frost in morning
Drew rations 21 days  & year- 9 of H.B.
+ Coffee

Saw Mrs. Houghton 1st May(?)
under Hooker- (?) brigade
Wrote letter to B.R.S.-

4th Sunday- Had orders last
night to have customary perception
+ then read Articles of War.
Just as bugle sounded- had orders
To omit the [ ] + have a grand
Review of 9th [ ] by Gen. Burnside
– About noon orders came to have-
[ ]. Brigade services at 2 P.M
– Our Chapel + the 100th conducted
services – Allusion made to our
duty at Con.(?) of the year-
Went down to Depot – [ ] a crop [ ]
look the same as last Sunday-
[ ] Pork-


December 27-31 1862

Henry S. Robinson Diary, December 27th- 31st 1862
Henry S. Robinson Diary, December 27th- 31st 1862


27th Dec. Opp Fredburg,
Tore down the old house + made
a new one of round bags- matched
at one corner- leaving a door into
the back room- Got it up + was
tired.        Orders to go on (Picks?)
tomorrow – finished + sent
#20 to Mary,  recd. one from her
of 22nd.

28th (C?) Pleasant morning-
76os(?) went on Picket 6os G. of K. at
the river- near Washington Farm.
I went on duty at river at 12
midnight – (heard?) a good deal
of noise over the river – like hammer-
ing lumber or something of that
sort- Heard teams moving +
men shouting.  Gen. Burnside down
near the Rodman (batting?)in PM.

29th Found this morning that
the rifle (?) (?)had
been extended nearly to R.R. Bridge.

29th  Relieved + came to camp about
10 ½ a.m. Balloon up-
Heard something like firing up the
Put the walls + roof of back room
– did not complete the house-
Drew for 60 3 days R. HB– 2 of Sugar
1 of Fresh beef – 2 of 3 of 6.
– At work on (Muster?) Rolls-
Word about 8 Pull that we shall
more tomorrow

30th – At work on Muster Rolls.
Capt. Moww wrote them all – we
Sat up till 12 mid. to finish them
Should (?)between Capt. 1st (?)
1st + 2nd 2nd + 1st Sept 1st + 2nd Sept. (all
these to be worked I) – Other spaces as we
have made them- Warm + Pleasant

31st Mustered in by Cpt. Welch –
All our men but Taylor marked present
Appearance of troops mkd. not very good


December 23-26, 1862

Henry S. Robinson Diary, December 23rd-26th 1862
Henry S. Robinson Diary, December 23rd-26th 1862


23rd Dec. App. Fredbg.

(Dee?) to the Engs.  acct. the Pontoon train
was all here by the 23rd of Nov. 340
boats in all. The bridge at (Boston?)
was thrown across in a day (63 boats) –
remained till ordered here– Came from
Wash. on land to (Oecognan?) then
to mind, it was launched + lowered to
Bell Plain. 19 Boats across the (raft?).
60 prisoners taken by our men at (Court.?)
Inspection by Gens.  Summer + Wilcol
Balloon went up. Law ord. Bup + Depton
of 15th They were in the fright but 606
lost none.
Boats came. I got pants, drawers
paper + envelopes. Stocking + gloves with
in Cap. (Boynton’s?) boat.
Drew 1ds. ration Fresh beef- 2ds. G.S.+H.B.
2 days beans 1 ½ rice- 2 galls. Vinegar 1 of (mollasses?)

24th Lent in carpet bag- part of the
strings that came in a boat to Capt. Bailey Bolt
by Rev. Mr. Cushing

24th Dec. Opp. Fredburg.
Pleasant Day + Made new (?) chest.
Christmas eve

25th warm + pleasant –
Had baked beans + soup for breakfast

Church Howe- Dr. off of May. (?). (?)
staff (mayor) was in tent
Drew. 3 days rations HB. Sugar, coffee
Pork + rice- about a half bushel of onions
+ 30 (ada…?) candles.
Martini, Coughlin+ J. Flag in (?) for
being absent for Roll call without leave.
M. H. Flag sent to hospital. Took hand off the 3 men
heard something that was said to be (?) off
towards Shot. C.H. about 8P.M.

26th Drew 2 days rations beans.
Policed camp. Made new (s..?) 6oz
B + G. have one together. Sent wires
for clothing (33prs. pants 40 (?))
William cut 30 sticks for new hut.
Finished mending socks.

December 19-22, 1862

Henry S. Robinson Diary, December 19th-22nd 1862
Henry S. Robinson Diary, December 19th-22nd 1862

19th Decem. Opp. Fredbg.

Formed line at 9 AM, (cold morning) + marched
down to Washington place- left part of Reg.
there, on 60 with all the left wing were frosted
as reserve a half a mile on lefts behind the
11 gum battery of 20 + 30 lb. rifles.
The 30lbs. are said to be the heaviest we
have here- ground commenced thawing
+ was pretty muddy by sunset-
Pitched shelter tent, but couldn’t sleep
on of acct. of cold feet-Kept fire all night
Rebs(?) can be seen wandering over the battle
field + pickets are down to the (event?)
to the town. Can see the Earth-
works almost by the hundred. Can see
none of the Reb. night, where Frank-
lin Grand Jr.(?) fought- It looks
as if the Reb. right might have been turned
our whole Brig. on Pickett.
20th Turned about 10 AM + marched
back to camp- (P…?)about all back-
very cold day- ground frozen at noon.
Drew  3 days (?),  Beans, HB. G. S + Pork. 2(?)
of Rice- 2 gallons, (?)– 4 bars soap 20 long candles.

21st Dec. Off. Fred. Sunday

Drew 1 Gal. molasses, Reg.  Sunday (line…?)
melting in (b…?). (B…?) tent at 2 PM.
Services 3 ½ PM Rev. Mr. Bushing from Brooklyn
+ another Rev. from (Wor?) 60 took part-
Good meeting, short as it was cold-
LA. Rd. sick I look the 60 out-

22nd Ground froze- but weather
warmer- ground in many places
froze day. Went on Pickett 9am
6 (as?) K. G. + B. on the river from where
we cropped to half a mile below-
Our 60 on duty from 12 to 6 am of  23rd
-I was on from 3 to 6 visited the time
twice- (stopped?) part of time in house
by bridge rest in Washington house
– Got (P…?) of cherry tree from the garden
+ price of Jasper from back of house,
Rebs throwing up (?) (pits?) opp. where
the bridge (?) – worked till
1 am. (Dogs?) howling all night. House
burnt in City. Gum (aee.?) (d…?) by
one of 60 K- (Prescott?)- (?)

January 5-9 1863

Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 5th -9th 1863
Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 5th -9th 1863

5th Jan Opp. Freddbg. VA

A warm pleasant day- Had to
drill from 10 to 11 am, 2 to 9 Pm. + Dep.
Parade at 5. P.M. – took 1 days ration
Pork- B of H.B. G. + Lugan– 25 short
candles,  2 bars soap, the.beans-
Des. vegetables.
2 galls. vinegar (?)
Private Fred.Flagg. made a
Corporal– by order of Lt. Raymond

6th Cloudy + finally rainy.
No drills on Dep. Parade-
Inspection of 9th [ ]. by Gen.
Burnside, near Gen. Liam ours H.2>
The rain prevented a large part
of Revenue- We were in the grain
from about 1 2/4 P.M. to 2 2/4

Drew clothing + served it to men
-Read letter from Mary written 3[]
+ mailed 2nd Jan.

7th Jan. Opp. Fred.

Colder this morning but pleasant
Not out to 6o Drill, in a.m. as the rations(?)
were drawn- 1 days of Fresh beef- 33 lbs.
of Onions- Out to drill in PM
Drilled in breaking files to [ ]
– Arth. Hunt + Frank Osgood- taken
positions at [ ]
were here today- Dep. Parade + [ ]
after sunset- paroled + [ ] left today
(gone into camp 2 or 3 miles from here)

8th Cold– ground froze all day – Drills
as usual D.P. – Drew 1 days Eat. Pork
+ 4 beers(?) HB on representation
Finished + sent #22 [ ]
Josh Freeman here-
News it we are to go [ ]

9th Cos.  A. G. B. under Capt. Barker
(Major Barker Off. Of Guard- Cap. Morton
Filled Off.) got on line at 9. Am. Per
Picket- We were with 60 A. on the
reserve back of the Rodman battery


January 9-15 1863

Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 9th-18th 1863
Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 9th-18th 1863

9th Jan. Opp. Fredbg.
During the day, one of the 45th Pen. + one of
The R. battery men went across the river
in a boat, exchanged papers with the
[ ]  picket + on this way back. The
boat upsetting(?) and they were drowned.
– LA. Rol. returned to camp sick
– Guns not loaded- nothing impt.
Balloon up –

10th Returned to camp through
the woods- A few boxes came to
our 6 0/1 – Rain com. About noon
Read letter from M. Sawyer of the
5th mist.(?). No drills in P.M. or dep. Par.
Drew day R.S.6.+ one of Pork – to 12th

11th Sunday- Pleasant but mud
-dy- (?)

12th Pleasant- ground
frozen during night is
very sticky- I Drilled the 60/11
in A.M.- No drills in P.M.
Drew 3ds. Rth. HB. S. 6 [ ]
5ds. Beams 2 of Pork –

12th Read. Letter from Ed. Minor
from Hospital in Balt. Asking me to
help him get this descriptive list. Handed
it to Lt. Merse for Capt. Goodell
weigh with bolts, without [ ] 142 ½
Beers tried to a [ ] ran away.

13th Drew 40 lbs. Dried Apples 2 galls.
molasses  – Lt. Rd. Being at (A…)
creek– I drilled 6 – A.M. in Skir
-mish  drill- Deploying forward.
P.M. in Manuel, in (P…?) in
Canter marching(?) to change front.
L. Hastings + Hanks in hospital
No (Dep?) Parade- Read #1 from Mary

14th– Ground pretty day- no frost
Drilled A.M. + P.M.- No Day Parade
-Drew 1 days ration Pork-
Windy in P.M. + night.
Sent #23 to Mary

15th– Strong wind all night + to day, – I drilled 60
in A.M.- Drilled them in stacking
arms- had every man make the slack
-So windy in P.M. that Lt.Rd. cut the drill(?)


January 15-19 1863

Jan 15-19 1863 Robinson
Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 15th-19th 1863



15th Jan. Opp. Frdbg. (no sub. camps in sight
-After pull drilled went to R.R Station to see
if [ ] box had come- They are at
[ ]H.2. – went there- mine not come
(the 3 do….?)
Rain in night    Got sugar-

16th Rain ceased- wind still high
getting round to N. West- pretty cold
Orders to be ready to march a ton
early home tomorrow – Got 250 rounds
of Am. saved it out so each man has
60- Drew 1 days ration Fresh meat-
G.S. + H.B. also a little rice- 3 day Pork
making 3 ds. ration hand the 17th
Lyman H. Hastings died in hospital
7 PM. of fever- Sent letters to Capt Baily + Mother Maggie
G. Hubbard had [ ] parts.
Are #24 to Mary

17th– Buried L.H. Hastings under arms
-Lent #24 to Mary [ ], letter to Jr. G. Day
-Gold day- no drills- [ ] to go on
Picket tomorrow- Drew/ds rd. Pork. G.
[ ] and a few onions- Read #2 from Mary

18th Jan. Sunday- cold + frosty in morning
[ ] A.B+G formed line about 9 a.m.
1 sergt. + 30 of our men went with me to the
Reserve under Capt. Barker. – 6o(?) A with
us- the rest of 60(?) on the river-
4 of the 30 lbs. Rodman guns. Left during the
night- only a left- but there are (quaker?)
guns in there places of the ones sent away
-Rebs. throwing [ ] in the trench men + – on
the upper bbank of the river from the [ ]
we lay (13th [ ]) [ ] to the sun.
No camps in sight- Reb. preket(?) sent a Riche
paper of 17 [ ] on board. Phelps sent some
coffee across to them. Came up to camp + packed
[ ] chest- 60 Drew 2ds. Rtn. Salt Beef- one of Su.
G+HB+some potatoes + onions. –Everything quiet

19th Relieved 9 ½ a.m. Heard that our army
was going to commence R.L. this morn. + we were
to stay in front + act according to circumstances
-Didn’t drill. Went to Depot about Sunset
Planks + stringers for [ ] bridges are
being loaded from cars to army wagons-
60 Drew 1 ds. Rtn.


January 20-24 1863

Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 20-24th 1863
Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 20-24th 1863





20th Jan. Opp. Fredburg
Frosty + unpleasant + sun absent +
signs of snow- Drilled A.M. + P.M.
Had orderts to be ready at an early horn
tomorrow – Dreps Parade- Sen. Bods.
orders read- saying we should soon meet
the Enemy again- About 9 P.M. had
orders to form line at 3 A.M.
Drew today 1 Ds. Rtn. Salt Beef S.G+H.N.
[ ] raining 6 P.M.
Franklin+ Hookers (Din?)moving to the right

21st Called at 2- ready to form line at 3am
raining with strong N.E. wind
About 4 a.m. had orders to be ready at a
minutes notice0 Rain continued all day
-Know nothing of the other Grand Divs.
– Monday it was reported that we had the
preparations made for bridges both to the
Drew 1ds. Rtn. C.S. HB. + Salt Beef-
Read letter from Mrs. Perry- Answered it

 Thirty Two Years old Today

22nd– Rain continued till after noon
-Heard from Hooker+Franklin that they are
608 miles north East of us- (pontoon’s?)stuck
in the mud + no prospect of making any
move across the river- Dab of. [ ]
-Drew/ds.etn. S.G.HB. Pork + Whisky
-Lt.Rd. sent in quarterly setting of muskets
– [ ] G in on hands. 13 returned to Gd.
7 with Jewel nd Houghton– I lost by Beers-
15- 3 deserters and 2 unaccounted for for- lost by Capt.
3- have been turned our this month
Sent #25 to Mary- Rain ceased about noon
-But sun not out

23rd Rain over but cloudy-
Read. letter from J.R.- Nothing new
only that the forward movement is de-
layed. – Drew 1 ds. est. G.S.HB. + meat
Boys playing ball- man in GRA sat on a barrel

24th Cloudy- Artillery enemy back
Drew 1 ds. rtn. G.S.HB. Fresh. meat. 2 ds. ets.
beans-20 lbs. Dried apples. – no drills
Read letter from Mary(20th) + from D.M Rd
burn –

January 25-30

Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 25th-30th 1863
Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 25th-30th 1863

25th Jan. Opp. Fredbg.
Sunday No rain but cloudy-
No services – no inspection–
Went to R.R Station to look for boxes
-found none. Bot 25 cts. worth of apples
embalming  costs 25 dol.s  for private coffin line
with 2 costs 25d. – Can be sent in common one.

26th Clean day- mud drying up
No drills Dep. Parade- 43th had Bat.
drill + 100th had D.P. 60 drew 3/2 lb potatoes
– Gen. Burnside turned over the command of
the Army to Gen. Hooker- Gen. Summer is said
to have resigned + Gen. Franklin roved.
Read letter from B.R.S.
Borrowed of [ ] $5.00

27th [ ] went on a Picket- I
stayed in Camp- went to Station.
to see about [ ] – Corp. Davids’
[ ] came- Sent letter to Ms. Win
-chester + H26 to Mary – Drew 2 DS. Rtn.
H.B.S. + G.
Rained nearly all day
Paid summer Goodman 60 cts.

28th Snowing at day light N.E. wind
60 came in from [ ] pretty wet +
about used up- had some Coffee for
them + Lt. farm shed 2 gals. whiskey
Sent letter to B.R.S- Drew 1 Ds. Rts
Fresh Beef- Snowing all day –
Gave Capt. [ ] an order on Adams
Express 60 for my two [ ].

29th Snowing till about Day light – Sun
out all day- Six inches of heavy snow on ground
in morning – Melted very fast-
60 drew 2ds. Rtn. G.S.H.B.Beams- 60 lbs Potatoes
Had good snow ball- Sent letter to R.H. Haywood

30th Snow melting fast- Put a bar
on top of our chimney- Drew 3ds. rtn.
of meat- one of fresh beef + one of salt P.
-Light just out at tops 8 ¼ P.M.
Got letter from Mother [ ]
+ her husband.
Major Barke went home- [ ] had is
granted- On [ ]
– [ ].

January 31- February 5 1863

Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 31st-February 5th 1863
Henry S. Robinson Diary, January 31st-February 5th 1863

31st Jan. Opp. Fredbg.
Snow still going- Had the regular
monthly inspection– Ltd. B. insp-
-ected all the Rest. – Lt. Morse took
comd. of 60 as Capt. [ ]  he was
away + Lt. Lucker sick- I went
to Depot to wait for Capt. Mt(?) he
came at 4 ½ PM  + says my boxes are
not at [ ] + have not been there.
60 drew 3ds. Rtn. G.S. + HB.

1st Feb. Pleasant day-
Lt.Rd. at [ ] Creek – Had
Bible [ ]    Drew 2ds. rtn. Meat
-No Inspection, serves on Dept. Parads
Lt. Rd. couldn’t find his trunk

2nd Order to get ready for Inspec-
-tion + Review at 10 a.m. – as had to leave to go to Washington
Payrolls came + signed them. Pay to
1st Nov. MIne is from 200 Sept. to 1st Nov.
-Drew 3ds. rtn rice, 60lbs. potatoes 2
1ds. rtn salt pork- Read letter from Mary 26th [ ] wrote to [ ]
#27 + to J.R. + to Mary Lawyer-Mary’s letter had .50 + 3 [ ]

3rd Feb. Cold morning a little snow fall
ing- Orders for Inspection at 9 ½ a.m. Formed line
-No Insp. but had Batt. drill with [ ]
Learned that Ex. boxes were at Station + went
down- can’t see mine. – Drew 3ds.Rtn. HB.S.
+6. -40 lbs. Onions. about 20 each of Beans + Rice
Soap – + 2ds.Rtn. Fresh beef- Coldest night of
the season- Strong Northerly wind- Water freeze
in the tent our [ ] nice with good fire in fire place

4th Wind went down but it was a
very cold night- the coldest we have had.
Lt. Rd. made his bunk beside mine.
Ex. Boxes at Case H.2. – Went there
3 Times- Weather moderating. Read letter from [ ] in [ ]
Dep. Parade. at 5. P.M.

5th Another very cold night- Snow
falling wind about N.East. Boxes came to [ ]
Drew some clothing- 3ds Rtn. meat. Sugar
Soft + Hard bread. Coffee. – Rumors of our
going to Fort [ ] [ ]– Rain after 3 P.M.
Goodwill + Fuller not paid
– Men got pay to first Nov. 62-