Henry S. Robinson (1831-1912) was a native of Meredith, NH who spent the first part of his professional life as a steam engineer in Maine and Massachusetts. He was a thirty-year-old married father of three and a resident of Clinton, Mass in September 1861, when he was commissioned as an officer in the U.S. Navy. He spent part of his eight-month Navy stint on the U.S.S. Flag, patrolling the South Carolina coast and was mustered out in May 1862. In September 1862, he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in Company G of the Massachusetts 36th Infantry. He served in Maryland, and at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862 before the regiment moved west to Kentucky, Ohio, and Vicksburg, Mississippi. Robinson was severely wounded at Blue Springs, Tennessee in October 1863. After the war, he worked as an engineer for the Pacific Mills in Lawrence and then in 1873 founded the Robinson Boiler Works in East Boston. At the age of sixty-three in 1894, he married teacher Julia Underhill. The couple rented 97 Main Street, now the home of the Andover Historical Society, from the time of their marriage until 1907, when they purchased the property.
His diary, now in the collection of Andover Historical Society, begins in May 1862 and concludes in 1864. We are especially grateful to the Advanced Placement U.S. History students who have been transcribing the diary entries since 2013. Additional thanks to volunteer Rory O’Brien for formatting and adding the files to this website.
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31st Jan. Opp. Fredbg. Snow still going- Had the regular monthly inspection– Ltd. B. insp- -ected all the Rest. – Lt. Morse took comd. of 60 as Capt. [ ] he was away + Lt. Lucker sick- I went to Depot to wait for Capt. Mt(?) he came at 4 ½ PM + says my … Continue reading January 31- February 5 1863
6th Feb Opp. Fredbg. Rain- Snow all gone. mud [ ] – 6 9/11 drew rations of Bread, potatoes Dried Apples. – (Recd.)of May, Holman $63.85 being my pay from 2nd Sept. to 1st Nov./62 – Sep $12 due Hall. Paid Lt. Rd. $20.00 forward money $30.40 [ ] bill to date being with … Continue reading February 6-8 1863
8th Feb. On the Potomac The “Wilson Small” was loaded [ ] deeply there was considerable [ ] in the river, floating – not quite so much however as yesterday, the trees were bare so had good view of Mt. Vernon Fort Washtn. has 40 or 50 barbette guns, left Washtn. at 8am and at … Continue reading February 8-12 1863
Chesapeake Bay 12th Feb. On board Str. S. America see a mile or more. Came to anchor in the Roads after dark – 13th Got underway about 9 AM steamed(?) around nearly to the landing in front of the Fort. passed, near the [R… ], + [ ] Point, passed the Firegate(?) Minnesota which hailed … Continue reading February 12-16 1863
16th Feb. camp was(?) Newport News Va. Wrote + sent #30 to Mary 17th North Easterly storm – “Capt Bailey” came back – bring -ing Lt. Rd’s trunk + a pkg. for me – also letter of 12th from Mary 18th – Rain continues – Wrote to Mrs. P. + #31 to Mary – … Continue reading February 16-21 1863
19th Decem. Opp. Fredbg. Formed line at 9 AM, (cold morning) + marched down to Washington place- left part of Reg. there, on 60 with all the left wing were frosted as reserve a half a mile on lefts behind the 11 gum battery of 20 + 30 lb. rifles. The 30lbs. are said to be … Continue reading December 19-22, 1862
23rd Dec. App. Fredbg. (Dee?) to the Engs. acct. the Pontoon train was all here by the 23rd of Nov. 340 boats in all. The bridge at (Boston?) was thrown across in a day (63 boats) – remained till ordered here– Came from Wash. on land to (Oecognan?) then to mind, it was launched … Continue reading December 23-26, 1862
1st Jan. 1863 – Happy new year to all – warm pleasant weather President Proclamation freedoms of rebels. Read letter from B.R.S. 2nd warm + pleasant Took a walk around the camp of 1st Div. + find our houses as good as any + better than most Sent #21st Mary – also letter to S.S. After … Continue reading January 1-4 1863
5th Jan Opp. Freddbg. VA A warm pleasant day- Had to drill from 10 to 11 am, 2 to 9 Pm. + Dep. Parade at 5. P.M. – took 1 days ration Pork- B of H.B. G. + Lugan– 25 short candles, 2 bars soap, the.beans- Des. vegetables. 2 galls. vinegar (?) Private Fred.Flagg. made … Continue reading January 5-9 1863
9th Jan. Opp. Fredbg. During the day, one of the 45th Pen. + one of The R. battery men went across the river in a boat, exchanged papers with the [ ] picket + on this way back. The boat upsetting(?) and they were drowned. – LA. Rol. returned to camp sick – Guns not … Continue reading January 9-15 1863